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l66          MY    COUNTRY    AND    MY    PEOPLE

will go on hunting for their news and the paper will go on
increasing its circulation and making money.

Some such psychology is hidden behind all Chinese social
intercourse, and it would be easy to multiply examples showing
a lack of the social mind truly bewildering to the twentieth-
century Western man. I say "twentieth-century man" because
he has received the benefits of nineteenth-century humani-
tarianism, with a broadened social outlook. As a typically
bewildering example, which is yet truly representative of
Chinese thought regarding social work, I quote verbally from
the Analects Fortnightly (a magazine devoted to unconscious
Chinese humour) reporting the speech of a native war-lord
regarding the movement for mass education. The young
people caught with the modern American enthusiasm for
social service organized a movement for "annihilating literary
blindness.9' So saith the General, therefore, in a speech:
"Students ought to work at their books and not meddle with
public affairs. The people do their own business and eat their own
rice, and you want to annihilate the people!" The persuasive
argument is this: the illiterate are not interfering with you,
why must you interfere with them? Those words, so short,
so forceful, are yet so true because they come direct and
undisguised from the speaker's heart. To a Chinese, social
work always looks like "meddling with other people's busi-
ness." A man enthusiastic for social reform or, in fact, for any
kind of public work always looks a little bit ridiculous. We
discount his sincerity. We cannot understand him. What does
he mean by going out of his way to do all this work? Is he
courting publicity? Why is he not loyal to his family and why
does he not get official promotion and help his family first?
We decide he is young, or else he is a deviation from the normal
human type.

There were always such deviations from type, the haohsieh or
"chivalrous men," but they were invariably of the bandit or
vagabond class, unmarried, bachelors with good vagabond
souls, willing to jump into the water to save an unknown
drowning child. (Married men in China do not do that.)
Or else they were married men who died penniless and made
their wives and children suffer. We admire them, we love